Using an organized approach to address, as well as manage a computer incident or a security breach is known as incident response. The objective of applying an incident response is to manage the situation that would limit the incurred damage, as well as reducing costs and recovery time. In specific terms, the incident response includes a policy that defines the component of what an incident is and a step procedure to be observed when an incident occurs.
The computer incident team, security, IT staff, representatives from the legal, human resources and public relations departments make up the organization’s incident response.
In the many experiences of incidents encountered by SANS (SysAdmin, Audit, Network and Security) Institute, which is a world-class security operations center, they have offered these steps to handle an incident effectively.
Smart Tips For Uncovering Professionals
Knowing that there is always a possibility of a security breach or computer incident, an organization must first prepare how to address this by educating its users and IT staff on the importance of an updated security measures and, at the same time, training them how to respond to computer and network security incidents properly and quickly.
A Beginners Guide To Security
It is also imperative to create an incident response team who will take proper action on an incident, so that their task is to determine first if an incident constitutes one and act on it. If the team finds out that the incident is a security incident, they can contact CERT (Computer Emergency Response Team) Coordination center, which can track the internet security activity and has current information on viruses and worms.
The team continues to determine as to how far has the problem spread over the systems and devices and contains the spreading by disconnecting the affected areas in order to prevent further damage.
As soon as the team finds out the origin of the incident, the root cause and all traces of the malicious code are removed.
The team, afterwards, restore the data and software from the clean, backup files, ensuring there are no remaining vulnerabilities, as well as monitoring the systems for signs of a recurrence.
Before the team makes a report on the incident, they analyze first on the incident, so that in the report they reflect on how they handled the incident and what recommendations to give to prevent any recurrence and, at the same time, what to response in case another incident arises.
It is vital for an organization to hire qualified IT employees who has the training to handle computer incidents, such that they can fill in the role of incident responders and security operations center analysts when the organization puts them as a team to handle incident problems. For big corporations, security measures are of prime importance such that some corporations would rather outsource from reputed security service providers or contract incident specialists.
In most organizations, it is a mix team up of their in-house incident team in collaboration with an outsourced security analysts. Regardless of what the team structure may be, the organization must see to it that their incident responder team must have the training coming from a security provider that has the reputation of a global security standard service.